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Autor: Michael Moriarty
ISBN-13: 9780199291038
Einband: Buch
Seiten: 448
Gewicht: 717 g
Format: 216x140x29 mm
Sprache: Englisch
Erscheinungsdatum: 01.07.2006

Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

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An investigation of psychological and ethical thought in seventeenth-century France, emphasizing both continuities and discontinuities with ancient and medieval thought. It demonstrates the subtlety and complexity of psychological analysis that characterizes the period and shows how religious doctrines affected ethical and psychological thought.
PART ONE: HUMAN NATURE; 1. Approaches; 2. Original Sin; PART TWO: SELF-LOVE AND CONCUPISCENCE; 1. Early Modern Religious Perspectives; 2. La Rochefoucauld on Interest and Self-Love; 3. Malebranche's Synthesis; PART THREE: PROBLEMS OF SELF-KNOWLEDGE; 1. Forms of Self-Knowledge; 2. Literary Explorations; 3. Self-Knowledge and Self-Ignorance in Context; 4. La Rochefoucauld and Self-Knowledge; 5. Religious Moralists
From the late sixteenth to the late seventeenth centuries, French writing is especially concerned with analysing human nature. The ancient ethical vision of man's nature and goal (we achieve fulfilment by living our lives according to reason, the highest and noblest element of our nature) survives, even, to some extent, in Descartes. But it is put into question especially by the revival of St Augustine's thought, which focuses on the contradictions and disorders of
human desires and aspirations. Analyses of behaviour display a powerful suspicion of appearances. Human beings are increasingly seen as motivated by self-love: they are driven by the desire for their own advantage, and take a narcissistic delight in their own image. Moral and religious writers
re-emphasize the traditional imperative of self-knowledge, but in such a way as to suggest the difficulties of knowing oneself. Operating with the Cartesian distinction between mind and body, they emphasize the imperceptible influence of bodily processes on our thought and attitudes. They analyse human beings' ignorance (due to self-love) of their own motives and qualities, and the illusions under which they live their lives. Their critique of human behaviour is no less searching than that of
writers who have broken with traditional religious morality, such as Hobbes and Spinoza. A wide range of authors is studied, some well-known, others much less so: the abstract and general analyses of philosophers and theologians (Descartes, Jansenius, Malebranche) are juxtaposed with the less
systematic and more concrete investigations of writers like Montaigne and La Rochefoucauld, not to mention the theatre of Corneille, Molière, and Racine.
Autor: Michael Moriarty
Michael Moriarty is Centenary Professor of French Literature and Thought at Queen Mary, University of London, and author of Early Modern French Thought: the Age of Suspicion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), Roland Barthes (Cambridge: Polity, 1991), Taste and Ideology in Seventeenth-Century France (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. He was previously a Lecturer in the French Department of the University of Cambridge and aFellow of Gonville and Caius College.

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Autor: Michael Moriarty
ISBN-13:: 9780199291038
ISBN: 0199291039
Erscheinungsjahr: 01.07.2006
Gewicht: 717g
Seiten: 448
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage New
Sonstiges: Buch, 216x140x29 mm